Searching for Staqeya
By Shanon Fenske
The 25-foot Amanda Anne plows through the frigid February waters of the Juan De Fuca Strait. Somewhere in the darkness ahead of us are islands inhabited by a wolf many in the Songhees First Nation believe is sacred.
Campers were the first to report a lone wolf on Discovery Island, five km. east of Victoria, in 2012. Conservation officers dismissed the sightings as mistaken identity. Perhaps a dog had been abandoned on the island? While coastal wolves have been known to swim short distances, it seemed unlikely that this one would have swum the distance from the city of Victoria.
However, conservation officers and Songhees First Nations members (whose reserve lands comprise part of the island) have since confirmed that the skittish animal is a coastal wolf. Also spotted on various other islands nearby, it has been dubbed Staqeya by the Songhees, which means “wolf” in their Coast Salish dialect.
I was intrigued. How did it get there? How could a wolf survive for so long in such a small area and alone, without a hunting pack? And where did it come from? The nearest wolf pack is in the vicinity of Shawnigan Lake, 44 km. north-west of Victoria. To come from that direction, the wolf would have had to cross multiple heavily populated municipalities and highly trafficked roads before making the swim.
I’ve always felt a special connection to wolves. First Nations members have told me that the wolf is my spirit animal. As a soldier in Afghanistan, I kept a patch of a wolf on my pack. Wolves have a code of honour absent in many animals; they are monogamous, loyal, take care of their sick, and will die for one another. Yet they have been persecuted for thousands of years, often to the point of extinction, out of unsubstantiated fear that they are dangerous. As a veteran, I can relate.
I hoped to find evidence that Staqeya, reportedly a female, was still alive. Ideally, I wanted to get a picture of her along the shore of one of the islands, but failing that, tracks or scat would do.
We approach the fog-shrouded islands, and agree that trying to go ashore at night would not be safe. Chief James Swan from Ahousaht (a First Nations village north of Tofino) and I find a semi-sheltered spot to put down anchor until dawn.
I first met James during infantry training in the army. Our friendship is rooted in the belief that the natural world is a spiritual kingdom that deserves respect. When James heard about my interest in Staqeya, he volunteered to take me.
The sound of singing frogs drifts over the water. The air is cold and the stars are bright. It’ll be a chilly night, but a short one.
The sun rises, and the rain, which had arrived in the night, has stopped. The tide rips past us but the water is otherwise fairly calm. We drink our tea and start to sail along the shoreline, looking for signs of Staqeya. Our plan is to search by boat first, as she has most often been sighted from along the shore.
On the water we meet a lone kayaker who claims to have seen the wolf and shows me a picture on her phone to prove it. I recognize the arbutus-lined shoreline and, from news story images, the light-coloured wolf. But Staqeya, it turns out, is not a female. I’m surprised to say the least.
After bidding farewell, we continue on our way. We haven’t seen any signs of the wolf from the water so we decide to head ashore. We find a safe spot to put down anchor once more. The day is still cold but the water has remained calm. James rows a small dinghy towards shore. I travel on my paddleboard with gear on my back.
We land, and I get out of my wetsuit and into my camping clothes. After a short walk, James and I find a bluff where the undergrowth has been bent flat to the ground. A trail through the tall grass leads to the spot where it appears a large animal has been resting. No large land mammals have ever been reported on any of these islands and pets are not allowed. We are certain that the wolf has frequented this spot recently.
We find some scat in the area as well. Most of it looks several months old, but one sample looks less than a day old.
James has other commitments back in Victoria, and hikes back to our landing spot. We both believe I have a better chance of seeing or hearing the wolf alone. James rows back out to the Amanda Anne, gets aboard, and disappears from sight. He will come back for me tomorrow afternoon.
I’m on the small island alone. From everything we’ve seen so far, Staqeya is here with me.
The wolf mysteriously showed up on the islands shortly before Songhee Chief Robert Sam passed away due to complications from a stroke. Conservation officers originally intended to trap the animal on the marine park side of Discovery Island and relocate it. The Songhees — who had not been consulted — insisted that the wolf be left alone. They issued statements saying that Staqeya’s arrival was directly connected to Chief Sam’s passing. Like me, he had a great love for wolves.
This, of course, defies conventional settler beliefs, but the explanations offered by various officials do also. One conservation officer put forward the idea that the animal had swum from the Olympic Peninsula in Washington, roughly 40 km. away — an impossible distance, from an area that has not been inhabited by wolves in over 100 years. Another offered the theory that the wolf had wandered through Victoria, and still another that it had hitched a ride on a logging barge. But as the wolf has demonstrated repeatedly that it is wary of humans, to the point of avoiding food-laden traps, that one seems unlikely too.
The Songhees’ belief resonates with me. An island-hopping wolf in the vicinity of Victoria is unprecedented, and by all accounts, Chief Robert Sam was a man of many unprecedented accomplishments.
I hike the shores for hours. There is sand in only a few places, and mud is scarce. Eventually, my persistence pays off. I find a single paw print clear enough to show up in a picture (see slideshow below). I’ve lucked out.
I head back to my campsite to set up my summer tent. My supplies are limited because of weight. I’m tired and the temperature is dropping dramatically. There are no fires allowed on these islands so it is going to be an icy night.
I keep looking in the direction of the bluff James and I had found the impressions on. I see what appears to be a white rock — but there hadn’t been a white rock there when we visited. The shape is also too big to be a bird. After about 10 minutes, it vanishes, like a ghost. I’ve seen Staqeya.
On a small pocket stove, I cook some pasta as day fades to night. There are low clouds instead of stars. The seals on the rocks speak like humans, frogs sing, and an owl calls into the enfolding night, joined occasionally by the haunting howls of Staqeya. The island feels otherworldly and I do not feel alone.
I use my wetsuit as a mat to keep me off the ground inside my tent. I crawl into my sleeping bag still wearing long johns, socks, and my wool hoodie. I make an awkward pillow out of various items as the rain starts to drum against the top of the tent. I dream of wolves.
Morning comes slowly. I rise, make some tea, and pack my gear as the sun comes out and starts to warm me. I lay my gear out to dry as I watch the shoreline and bluff I had seen Staqeya on. It is a beautiful morning.
I pack up, then continue to explore the island. I find more scat. Seal fur and bird bones are abundant. I find scratch marks on a trail as well. Still aware that there are no pets or other animals here, I know I am getting an education in spotting wolf signs in the wild.
The time is approaching for James to pick me up. I head back to our rendezvous point and tighten up my gear. I see the Amanda Anne come into view as James lays on the horn. I throw on my wetsuit and grab my stuff as I head into the water once more.
I find myself reluctant to leave. I feel a kinship to Staqeya and the islands he calls home. I was unable to get a picture of him, but my experience is profound nonetheless. I found tracks, scat, trails, heard him howl in the night and even saw him in the distance. Four years after he was first spotted on these islands, the sacred wolf called Staqeya is alive and well, and I take comfort in that.